Gibraltar Museum

Administrative Officer (Operations)
IT Officer
Senior Guide
Head of Cultural Heritage Department



Wales, United Kingdom, 1954


United Kingdom

Alma mater:

University of Southampton


Head of Cultural Heritage Department

Research Interests:

The contribution of cultural heritage to wider social issues, sustainable use of the historic environment, development of standards and methodologies.


Sue Davies, OBE, HonMIfA, FSA is the Museum’s Cultural Heritage Manager. Her role is principally the implementation of the management plan for Gibraltar’s World Heritage Site, the Gorham's Cave Complex and she also leads the Museum’s Cultural Heritage Team.


By training Sue is an archaeologist with experience in the United Kingdom and abroad over forty years. Before joining the Museum team, Sue was a cultural heritage consultant working largely on projects related to world heritage.  For the preceding nine years she was Chief Executive of Wessex Archaeology.


Sue has a strong commitment to public involvement in archaeology. She has a particular interest in promoting the contribution of cultural heritage to wider social issues, such as the attainment of UNESCO’s wider goals – sustainable development, universal primary education, the relief of poverty – through the use of the 1972 World Heritage Convention. 


Sue is an Honorary Member of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists (HonMIfA) and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London (FSA). Sue was awarded an OBE for services to heritage in the 2008 New Year’s Honours List.


Selected Publications and Reports

Overall editorial responsibility for Policy Briefs prepared by various authors on behalf of the UK National Commission for UNESCO for the Department for International Development and the Department for Culture, Media and Sport:

  • 2014      The value to the UK of ratifying the 2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, UKNC Policy Brief number tbc.
  • 2013      Enhancing and harmonising the strategic management of UNESCO’s Goodwill Ambassador Programme, UKNC Policy Brief 11
  • 2012      The value to the UK of ratifying the 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its two protocols of 1954 and 1999, UKNC Policy Brief 2
  • 2012      Using remote technologies.  Lessons learned from the Remote Access to World Heritage Sites – St Kilda to Uluru, UKNC Policy Brief 4
  • 2011       Davies, S M and Young, C J, The United Kingdom’s World Heritage: Review of the Tentative List of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (independent panel report to the Department for Culture, Media and Sport)
  • 2010       Guidance on the Heritage Impact Assessment of Cultural World Heritage Sites, ICOMOS
  • 2008       ‘Public and Private’ - the role of Wessex Archaeology 1979 to 2008 and beyond’, proceedings of a conference held to celebrate 50 years of the Council for British Archaeology’s Wessex Branch
  • 2002       Davies, S.M., Bellamy, P.S., Heaton, M.J. and Woodward, P.J., Excavations at Alington Avenue, Fordington, Dorchester, Dorset.  Dorset Natural History & Archaeological Society Monograph Series No. 15, Dorchester
  • 2001       Multi-Modal Environmental Assessment Topic Guidance (Cultural Heritage): guidance on strategic Environmental Impact Assessment for the Transport Research Laboratory, Highways Agency
  • 2001       Standard and Guidance on Archaeological Field Evaluation Institute of Field Archaeologists
  • 1999       Castle of Gibraltar: Conservation Management Plan and Tourism Strategy for the Government of Gibraltar
  • 1999       Castle Cornet, Guernsey, Conservation Plan for the States of Guernsey
  • 1999       Davies, S.M., Walker, K. and Coleman, L. The New Forest: Historical Landscape Character, New Forest Committee Occasional Papers, Lyndhurst; New Forest National Park web publication)
  • 1998       Davies, S M and Lambrick, G, BAA Archaeological & Cultural Heritage Policy
  • 1998       ‘Contract archaeology in the UK’, proceedings of a conference held at the Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek, Amersfoort, Netherlands, in honour of Willem Willems.
  • 1995       Royal William Yard Regeneration, Plymouth: Cultural Heritage Environmental Impact Assessment, Proof of Evidence and public Inquiry for Plymouth Development Corporation
  • 1995       Wainwright G.J. and Davies, S.M., Balksbury Camp, Hampshire: Excavations 1973 and 1981, English Heritage Archaeology Report 4
  • 1995       'Cattedown Reclamation Scheme, Plymouth: an Archaeological Impact Study', in K. Ray (ed.) Archaeological Investigations and Research in Plymouth  Volume 1: 1992-93, Plymouth Archaeology Occasional Publication 2, 9-17
  • 1994       Wainwright G.J. and Davies, S.M.,   Balksbury Camp, Hampshire in A.P. Fitzpatrick and E.L. Morris (eds), The Iron Age in Wessex: Recent Work, Association Francaise D'Etude de L'Age du Fer/Wessex Archaeology, 52-7
  • 1993       Graham, A H and Davies S M, Excavations in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, 1977 and 1986-1988, Wessex Archaeology Monograph Report No. 2, Salisbury
  • 1993       Woodward, P.J., Davies, S.M., and Graham, A.H., Excavations at Greyhound Yard, Dorchester 1981-1984, Dorset Natural History & Archaeological Society Monograph Series No. 12
  • 1991       Desk-based Studies and Evaluation Reports: Wessex Archaeology Technical Manuals
  • 1991-6    The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project for English Heritage (Editor; series regional reports)
  • 1990-96   Stonehenge World Heritage Site evaluations and Environmental Impact Assessments (Visitor Centre proposals and A303 improvements)
  • 1987       'The Coins', 'The Copper Alloy Objects', 'The Ironwork', 'The Stone Objects', 'The Fired Clay objects', 'The Rhenish Wares', 'The Romano-British Finewares', 'The Iron Age and Romano-British Coarse Pottery', 'The Post-Roman Pottery',  in C.J.S. Green, Excavations at Poundbury Volume I : The Settlements,  Dorset Natural History & Archaeological Society Monograph Series  No. 7
  • 1985       Pottery Recording Manual, Wessex Archaeology, Technical Manuals Series
  • 1984       The Dipinti, Stamps and Graffiti & the Lamps, in D.P.S Peacock and M.G. Fulford Excavations at Carthage, the British Mission. Vol. 1, 141-54 and 222-41
  • 1984       'Excavation of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery (and some prehistoric pits) at Charlton Plantation, near Downton', Wiltshire Archaeological & Natural History Society Magazine 79, 109-54
  • 1983       'Excavations at Christchurch, Dorset, 1981-1983', Dorset Natural History & Archaeological Society Proceedings 105, 21-56
  • 1981       'Excavations at Old Down Farm, Andover. Part II: Prehistoric and Roman', Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club & Archaeological Society 3, 81-163
  • 1980       'Excavations at Old Down Farm, Andover Part I: Saxon, Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club & Archaeological Society 36, 161-80


Client Reports (largely development and planning- or EIA-related)

  • 1981 to 2003: approximately 400 client reports drafted and/or edited.   These include documents relating to planning applications, environmental impact assessments, public inquiries, consultancy advice, excavation reports and post-excavation assessments, management plans et al.   Their scale and nature are very variable, from minor watching briefs, to major urban investigations, landscape and strategic projects.
  • 1990-2003: editing and approval of all Company client reports
  • 2003-12: editing and approval larger scale and complex client reports


Editorial Posts

  • Honorary Editor, Institute of Field Archaeologists 1988 - 1990
  • Archaeology Editor, Dorset Natural History and Archaeology Society 1991 - 1998
Senior Scientific & Conservation Officer - Palaeolithic Archaeology



Jerez de la Frontera, Spain, 1976



Alma mater:

University of Cádiz


Senior Scientific & Conservation Officer – Palaeolithic Archaeology


Various academic papers (see Publications)

Research Interests:



Francisco J. Giles Guzmán is an Archaeologist with a BA in History from the University of Cádiz. Francisco has directed several archaeological excavations in the province of Cádiz, Spain, including in places such as El Puerto de Santa María, Jerez de la Frontera, Chiclana or Puerto Real among others. He has collaborated in excavations and other projects focusing on the Palaeolithic such as at Orce (Granada), Atapuerca (Burgos), Abric Romaní (Barcelona), Higueral of Valleja (Arcos, Cádiz) or the archaeological surveys project of the Guadalete River basin.


Locally, Francisco has worked as a lead researcher since 1998 focusing on Gibraltar's prehistory, but also covering the medieval period. This includes excavations at Gorham's Cave, Vanguard Cave, Forbes' Quarry and Bray's Cave within the Gibraltar Caves Project. He has also co-directed urban excavations at sites such as the Gate of Granada or Grand Casemates Square among others, as well as participating in the restoration of the Moorish Castle's Tower of Homage and Moorish Baths under the direction of the Gibraltar Museum.


As one of the Museum’s in-house archaeologists, Francisco coordinates the annual archaeological excavations at the Gorham’s Cave Complex and supervises all conservation works on site. He is responsible for the conservation and cataloguing of all the excavated artefacts and management of their related data. Francisco also monitors the caves regularly in order to ensure the deposits are always in a good state of conservation. He is an active researcher with particular interests in lithic technology and analysis of the fossil record. Francisco also has an advisory role within the Museum’s Education Department.


The results of this work has been published in numerous international scientific journals such as Nature or Quaternary International as well as in local and regional media. Francisco has also hosted conferences in different institutions and presented at both national and international fora:


- 1st Andalusian Congress on Speleology "Ronda 2002"

- 4th National Meeting of Geoarchaeology - Almazán (Soria), September 2002

- 4th Meeting of Iberian Quaternary, Gibraltar, September 2005

- 2nd Conference on Prehistory and Archaeology of the Campo de Gibraltar, 2009

- The Neanderthal Home: Spatial and Social Behaviours, Capellades, Tarragona 2009

- First International Conference on Ceramic Studies. Tribute to Dr. Mercedes Vega. Cadiz. 2010

- First Conference on New Research Trends in Funerary Archaeology. Cadiz. 2010

- From the Rabita to the Villa. First Conference on  of Archaeology and History of Rota. 2010

- First International Congress on Prehistory, Early History and Roman Era in the Western Betics. Ronda 2015


During his previous employment at ERA Laboratorio de Arqueología Experimental, Fran coordinated various educational and museographic tasks, such as the implementation of the Ethnographic Museum of Medina Sidonia, co-authoring an educational book on the Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve or the restoration and improvement of the 'Gallinero' Roman kiln in Puerto Real (Cádiz).

Head of Administration Department, Assistant Education Officer & Senior Researcher



Gibraltar, 1987



Alma mater:

University of Portsmouth


Head of Administration Department, Assistant Education Officer & Senior Researcher


Co-author (2011). A Year in the Life of Gibraltar. Gibraltar Heritage Trust

Research Interests:

  • Bat ecology in southern Iberia and the Strait of Gibraltar;
  • Social history of Gibraltar's civilian population and the development of the Gibraltarian identity;
  • Persistence of Neanderthal populations in southern Iberian refugia.


Tyson Lee Holmes, BSc (Hons) heads the Museum’s Administration Department but his roles also include being Assistant Education Officer and Senior Researcher within the Museum’s Education and Natural History Departments respectively. Tyson has a Bachelor of Science Honours degree from the University of Portsmouth which he completed in 2008. He later worked within Gibraltar’s Financial Services industry specialising in trust and company administration. With the experience gained in this field, Tyson joined the team at the Gibraltar Museum in 2014 to lead the Administration Department, dealing with the day-to-day running of the Museum and related business. In his role as Assistant Education Officer, Tyson works closely with the Director with responsibility for education, Dr Geraldine Finlayson to develop and deliver the Museum’s various educational programmes promoting Gibraltar’s rich history, culture, heritage and nature among children and adults alike. In his role as Senior Researcher, under the direction of the Museum’s Chief Scientist Prof Clive Finlayson and Director of Natural History Stewart Finlayson, Tyson is currently studying the behavioural ecology of bats, swifts and crag martins in Gibraltar. Tyson is also the Museum’s representative for Ice Age Europe – an active network of archaeological sites rich in Ice Age heritage and affiliated museums or visitor centres across Europe.


Other work

Gibraltar Museum Caving Unit

Tyson became a founding member of the Gibraltar Museum Caving Unit (GMCU) as volunteer Secretary and Committee Member in 2011 cataloguing and surveying many of Gibraltar’s caves as well as researching their historical uses. Prior to the formation of the unit, the official list of the caves of Gibraltar totalled 154. Since the formation of the GMCU, Tyson's work has helped to increase the number of recorded cave sites in Gibraltar to over 200.



In 2013 Tyson became a founding member of Gib-Bats, a collaborative study of bats in Gibraltar conducted by the Gibraltar Museum and Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society, with the support of HM Government of Gibraltar via their Department for the Environment. He has been involved in the discovery of various new species of bats to Gibraltar. Tyson is licensed under the Nature Protection Act 1991 to study bats in Gibraltar.